Oral surgery is any surgical procedure performed in or around your mouth and jaw, usually performed by a dental specialist trained in a specific type of oral surgery.
There are many types of oral surgery, including surgical procedures such as tooth extractions or root canals. Some oral surgeries involve repositioning the jaw. In other cases, oral surgery may involve removing the tumor. Oral surgery can be performed by many different types of dentists, including endodontists, periodontists, and restorative dentists.
When do I need oral surgery?
For dental and jaw work beyond the expertise of a general dentist, you may need oral surgery. For example, if your wisdom teeth are affected, you may need to see an oral surgeon to remove them. If you have gum disease and need a gum transplant, you will be referred to a periodontist who performs this type of oral surgery.
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to develop in your jaws, often there is not enough space for them to erupt into the correct position like the other teeth in your mouth. They can vary in their position. One of the most common reasons you have been referred is that you’ve been having problems with your wisdom teeth. This may be due to pain, swelling or infection to the gum covering the wisdom tooth, also known pericoronitis. The wisdom tooth may also be decayed. You may also be getting food stuck around your wisdom teeth.Some wisdom teeth may have no symptoms but there may be a problem developing or there is high risk of a problem developing that you may be unaware of.
There is strong evidence to show that wisdom teeth that are mesially or horizontally positioned that have not erupted fully have a high risk of decay occurring within the wisdom tooth and also to the tooth in front. If left alone the decay may get to the extent that you may develop pain from both teeth. If the tooth in front is decayed it will need to be repaired by the Dentist after the wisdom tooth has been extracted.
Fees: from £ 350,00
The canine, or eye tooth, normally erupts into the mouth between the ages of 11 and 13. Sometimes one or both canines develop in the wrong position.
Because one or other of your canines are in the wrong place as part of your on-going orthodontic treatment it is necessary to help the tooth erupt into the mouth. If left alone the tooth will not erupt normally and may either damage the roots of the front teeth or push them out of position.
Fees: from £ 500,00 per tooth
In some cases, you may have had a root canal but still experience pain. This could be a sign that the infection is beneath the roots, extending into your jawbone. Your endodontist may recommend an apicoectomy if this is true.
An apicoectomy is a relatively standard procedure in endodontics. It is a minor surgical technique used to save a tooth that is at risk of being pulled after a root canal.
During the procedure, you will be given a local anesthetic. Then your endodontist will make a small incision to gain access to the root of your tooth. They will remove the root tips and any infected tissue. Finally, the endodontist will suture the incision. Over time the jawbone and tissue will heal around the roots.
Fees: from £ 800,00 per tooth
A biopsy is a procedure where a small piece of tissue is removed from an area so that it can be looked at closely under a microscope. The biopsy may aim to remove an area completely (an excisional biopsy). This is usually only appropriate for small lumps or swellings. Occasionally only a small piece of an abnormal area is removed to confirm a diagnosis (an incisional biopsy).
An oral/gum biopsy tests for abnormal or suspicious gum tissue is recommended to help diagnose:
- a sore or lesion in the mouth that lasts longer than two weeks
- a white or red patch on the gum or anywhere in the mouth.
- ulcers in the mouth
- swelling of the gum that doesn’t go away
- changes in the gums and oral tissues that cause loose teeth or dentures.
Fees: from £ 500,00 per site
A Frenum is a fold of soft tissue or muscle connecting the lips, cheek, or tongue to the jawbone. Occasionally a frenum might be exceptionally short, thick, or tight, or may extend too far down along the tongue or the gum.
This can cause issues with the tooth or be restricting the movement of the tongue or lips. The frenectomy procedure can correct this probalignment lem.
Fees: from £ 500,00
Fees: £ 200,00